The PRAXIS Nexus The PRAXIS Nexus

Helping Your Patients Prepare for a Disaster

Posted on January 14, 2016   |   

This PRAXIS Nexus post was adapted from a previously published Lung Health Professional article and was authored by Jane Martin, BA, LRT, CRT.

As busy health care professionals we know how an emergency power outage can get in the way of how we go about our daily lives.

Living without electricity - in the dark with no heat, air conditioning or cold food storage can certainly be an inconvenience for those in the best of health.

But for individuals with COPD, whether it is a large scale disaster such as Hurricane Sandy, or a small scale emergency such as a power outage, an interruption in normal life can be a major emergency – even a matter of life or death.

Are your COPD patients prepared to survive not only an emergency power outage, but a full blown disaster? As a busy healthcare professional, you don’t have time to educate your patients in the details of disaster preparedness, nor do you have time or resources to take care of all these patients when disaster strikes.

Jane Martin COPD Foundation

In light of disasters such as super storm Sandy, the COPD Foundation developed the Disaster Preparedness Plan (DPP) available for download.

The COPD DPP is a comprehensive resource providing individuals and families impacted by COPD with not only lists, but information and education on understanding how to evaluate the expected scope of a disaster, potential consequences, and tips on how to decide whether to evacuate or stay put. In short, the COPD DPP includes information on how to weather not only the storm outside but the potentially fatal consequences of being caught in a disaster while already attending to your chronic disease.

Important to Know

Here are just some of the many risk factors specific to those with COPD causing them to be greatly compromised, illustrating the need for a comprehensive disaster preparedness plan for all patients with COPD.

  • Cold, damp air especially to those with a predisposition to bronchitis
  • Multiple (>= 6) co-morbidities
  • Multiple medications required daily or more than once daily
  • Need for supplemental oxygen
  • Need for non-invasive ventilation
  • Overlap Syndrome

Oxygen supply

Patients often think that if they run out of oxygen at home, they can just go to the hospital and be taken care of there. Yes, hospitals have large supplies of liquid oxygen and a supply of compressed gas oxygen cylinders that allow several days of reserve, but a large influx of patients from a disaster can strain these resources. Contracted vendors may have oxygen to deliver, but delivery is not possible when transportation of these supplies is halted when only “emergency” vehicles are permitted on the roads immediately following a disaster. The development of strategies to provide bulk oxygen following a mass casualty or disaster are ongoing, but not currently in place.

The COPDF DPP is an easy-to-read and use booklet including:

Planning for a Disaster:

  • Understanding the types of disasters common to a specific area

It’s important for patients to understand and prepare for the types of disasters common to their area. For example, the increased likelihood of a hurricane or tornado would call for supplies to be placed ahead of time in the basement or the location of the home that is the least likely to collapse or blow away. The potential for flooding, rather, would require that supplies be available in the highest point in the house.

  • References, Links and Resources for Support

Community resources are often available, but patients need to know first that they exist, where they are and how to contact them. An Associated Press survey found that these programs vary state to state and that only a small percentage of patients know that the services exist.(1)

Developing a Communication Plan

  • Creating a support network with family, DME suppliers, physicians and utility companies

There may be help available, but the customer must have the ability to access it. If a resource is web-based, a customer without electric power cannot access that help. Resources for support – both online links and phone numbers – should be included.

The DPP encourages your patients to create a support network, talking with family members, neighbors, DME suppliers, healthcare providers and utility companies before disaster strikes. It will give tips on how to obtain, complete and submit forms for priority service from utility companies for a person who needs oxygen and/or electrically-powered medical equipment.

Building an Emergency Plan with Kits

  • Stay put plan
  • Evacuation plan
  • Basic supply kit
  • Food supply kit
  • Medical record kit

Evacuating Before a Disaster Hits

  • Deciding to stay or evacuate

This includes a list of options and scenarios. “If I do this, such and such may happen - if so, am I prepared for it?” along with what should be considered when deciding to stay or go, with separate plans in place for staying put and evacuating.

Special Needs

  • Letters for physicians to notify electric and utility companies of special needs
  • Required supplemental oxygen
  • Electrically powered medical equipment
  • Service animals and pets

This section provides information and tips for patients with special needs, especially those in rural areas with limited resources experiencing loss of electricity to power their concentrator, non-invasive or conventional ventilator. Also included is an illustrated reminder of the use of pursed-lips breathing to conserve oxygen.

Having a DPP in place – for a massive disaster, a limited location power outage, or anything in between – can go a long way in maintaining peace of mind for your patients and for you, their healthcare professional. Knowing that they’ve done all they can to plan ahead and be aware of available resources can be of great comfort to them, keeping in mind, of course, that the emergency may never take place.


The COPD Foundation extends special thanks to The Sara Chait Memorial Foundation Inc for their support of the Disaster Preparedness Kit. Reference 1 Thomas C Blakeman and Richard D Branson, Respir Care, January 2013 58:173-183

This page was reviewed on April 15, 2020 by the COPD Foundation Content Review and Evaluation Committee


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  • Thank you, Jane, for the excellent article - I live in Florida and I'm going to download the COPD DPP and make sure that I'm prepared as much as possible for a possible hurricane (or any other possible disaster).
  • This article seems even more relevant given the huge storm that just passed through. Thank you.
  • Thank you for the reminder. This is something we need to discuss with our patients.
  • This information can be helpful to us in the current COVID-19 landscape.