Breathing Exercises and Techniques

Before starting these techniques, ask your Health Care Provider if they are right for you.

Having COPD makes it harder to breathe. And when it’s hard to breathe, it’s normal to get anxious, making you feel even more short of breath.

COPD Breathing Techniques

There are two breathing techniques that can help you get the air you need without working so hard to breathe: Pursed-lips Breathing and Diaphragmatic (also called Belly or Abdominal) Breathing.

Better Breathing Tip: It’s normal to hold your shoulders tense and high. Before starting any breathing technique, take a minute to drop your shoulders down, close your eyes, and relax.

Pursed-Lips Breathing

This breathing technique helps you focus, slow your breathing down and stay calm. Pursed -lips breathing should be used during and after exercise. It should be used with any activity that makes you feel short of breath.

To use pursed -lips breathing: Breathe in through the nostrils. Breathe out slowly. Do not force the air out. Breathe out through lips pursed like you would blow out a candle. Breathe out two to three times longer than you breathe in.

  • Slows your breathing down
  • Keeps airways open longer so your lungs can get rid of more stale, trapped air
  • Reduces the work of breathing
  • Increases the amount of time you can exercise or perform an activity
  • Improves the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide

To do purse-lips breathing:

  1. Breathe in through your nose (as if you are smelling something) for about 2 seconds.
  2. Pucker your lips like you’re getting ready to blow out candles on a birthday cake.
  3. Breathe out very slowly through pursed-lips, two to three times as long as you breathed in.
  4. Repeat.

Pursed-Lips Breathing

Breathing from the diaphragm:

This type of breathing is also called abdominal breathing. Your abdomen should move down when you breathe in. It should rise as you breathe out. The diaphragm is the main muscle of breathing. It’s supposed to do most of the work. When you have COPD, the diaphragm doesn’t work as well and muscles in the neck, shoulders and back are used. These muscles don’t do much to move your air. Training your diaphragm to take over more “work of breathing” can help.

Diaphragmatic breathing is not as easy to do as pursed-lips breathing. It is recommended that you get instruction from a respiratory health care professional or physical therapist experienced in teaching it.

This technique is best used when you’re feeling rested and relaxed, and while sitting back or lying down.

  1. Place one hand on your abdomen. Place one hand on your upper chest.
  2. Focus your breathing on your abdomen.
  3. As you breathe out, the hand on your abdomen should lower.
  4. As you breathe in, the hand on your abdomen should rise.
  5. Breathe in through the nose. Breathe out slowly through pursed lips.
  6. Practice this 2 to 3 times a day for 5 to 10 minutes. Start by doing it while lying on your back. Then try it while sitting. Then try it while standing. Finally, try it while doing an activity.

As you become more comfortable with this type of breathing, you can use it to reduce your feelings of shortness of breath. You can use it:

  • With stair climbing-
  • With long walks
  • After carrying or lifting
  • When showering
  • With all daily activities
  • When exercising

Better Breathing Tip: Stop, Reset, Continue

When you are feeling short of breath during exercise or regular activities, use these 3 steps:

  1. Stop your activity.
  2. Reset by sitting down, relax your shoulders, and do pursed-lips breathing until you catch your breath.
  3. Continue activity, doing pursed-lips breathing as you go. Go at a slower pace if you need to.

Resources and Support

The COPD Foundation offers resources such as COPD360social, an online community where you can connect with patients, caregivers and healthcare providers and ask questions, share your experiences and receive and provide support. You can also call the COPD Information Line, a toll-free hotline for anyone seeking information or support on COPD. You can call toll-free at 1-866-316-COPD (2673) to speak to an individual with COPD or caregiver.


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